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I. Перепишите следующие предложения, определите в каждом из них видо-
временную форму и залог глагола сказуемого (см. образец). Переведите
предложения на русский язык.
1. The radar has been used for the automatic control of transport.
2. Today plastics are being widely used instead of metals.
3. The construction of the bridge has been completed this month.
4. The documents were carefully looked through by the company manager.
II. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык,
обращая внимание на разные значения слов it, that, one.
1. It is the number of electrons within the atom that determines the properties
of a substance.
2. The area of Khabarovsk Terrtory is two times larger than that of Japan.
3. In London one must get used to the left-side traffic.
III. Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая
внимание на разные значения cлов to be, to have, to do.
1. Some substances do not conduct heat.
2. Our plant is to increase the output of consumer goods.
3. Soon our industry will have new and cheap sources of energy.
4. These computers will have to perform millions of operations per second.
IV. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык,
обращая внимание на бессоюзное подчинение.
1. The dormitory our students live in is situated not far from the university.
2. I think he has made a mistake in his calculations.
V. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык,
обращая внимание на функцию инфинитива в предложении.
1. They promised to supply us with the necessary equipment.
2. The work of an architect is to design buildings which are beautiful to look
at as well as useful.
3. The experiment to be carried out is of great importance for our research.
4. To convert chemical energy into electrical energy we must use an
electrical cell.
VI. Прочитайте и устно переведите с 1-го по 3-й абзацы текста. Перепишите
и письменно переведите 2-й и 3-й абзацы.
Пояснения к тексту
1. transmission shafts, gear wheels, belts and pulleys – трансмиссионные
валы, зубчатые колеса, ремни и блоки
2. time and labour saving appliances –электроприборы, экономящие время и
3. induction motors – индукционные моторы
4. per capita – на душу населения
5. by-products – побочные продукты
1. It is impossible to imagine our civilization without electricity. With the
appearance of the electrical motor, power cables replaced transmission shafts, gear
wheels, belts and pulleys1
in the 19-th century workshops. At home various time
and labour saving appliances2
have become a part of our everyday lives. Other
devices are based on specific properties of electricity: electrostatics in the case of
photocopying machine and electromagnetism in the case of radar and television. The
first industrial application was in the silver workshops in Paris. The generator (a
new compact source of electricity) was also developed there. The generator replaced
the batteries and other devices that had been used before.
2. Electric lighting came into wide use at the end of the 19-th century with the
development of the electric lamp by Thomas Edison. The two scientists Lodygyn
and Yablochkov were the first in Russia to work in the field of electrical
engineering. Later the transformer was invented, the first electric lines and networks
were set up, dynamos and induction3
motors were designed. Since the beginning of
the 20-th century the successful development of electricity has begun throughout the
industrial world.
3. Today consumption of electricity per capita4
is an indicator of the economic
development of a nation. Electricity has replaced other sources of energy as it has
been realized that it offers improved service at reduced cost. No other source of energy
has been so widely used as electricity. One of the greatest advantages of electricity is
that it is ecologically clean, easily-regulated and generates no by-products5
Applications of electricity now cover all fields of human activity from house washing
machines to the latest laser devices. Truly electricity provides mankind with the
energy of the future.
VII. Прочитайте вопрос к тексту. Из приведенных вариантов ответа
укажите номер предложения, содержащего правильный ответ на
поставленный вопрос:
What is one of the greatest advantages of electricity?
1. It generates by products.
2. It is ecologically clean and cheap.
3. It replaced transmission shafts, gear wheels, belts and pulleys.
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Последние отзывы об авторе anguis
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2015-01-21 15:40:15
2015-01-21 17:28:07
хороший автор
2015-01-21 22:01:38