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Профиль Юриспруденция
Контрольная работа
по дисциплине «Иностранный язык в сфере юриспруденции - 2»
для студентов 2 курса
вариант 2

Exercise 1

Choose the correct form of the verb from the brackets

1. Neither student (like / likes) the new course.
2. None of the witnesses (was / were) there.
3. The majority of students (has / have) made the same mistake.
4. Gold, as well as platinum (has / have) recently risen in price.
5. The boss, as well as his colleagues, (has/ have) been robbed by the robber.
6. Thirty years (is / are) a long sentence.
7. One of the files (has / have) been missing.
8. The poor (is / are) suffering.
9. You should decide which one of the three choices A, B, or C best (answers /answer) the question.
10. Neither students nor the professor (know /knows) why the schedule has changed

Exercise 2

THE UK JUSTICE SYSTEM. Match each case in the chart with an appropriate court using the information from the texts above.

1) adoption, domestic violence a) UK Supreme Court
2) libel and slander actions. b) County Court
3) consumer disputes, for example, faulty goods or services c) Crown Court
4) debt problems, for example, a creditor demanding payment d) First-tier

5) some domestic violence cases, but these may also be heard in the magistrates court e) Employment Appeal Tribunal

6) complex claims for compensation f) Magistrates’ Court

7) race, sex and disability discrimination cases g) Employment Tribunal (England)

8) convictions in the magistrates' court h) High Court

9) case involves a point of law i) Court of Appeal

10) financial or housing disputes, family issues, personal injury and breach of contract j) Upper Tribunal

11) minor theft, criminal damage, public disorder and motoring offences
12) employment problems, for example, wages or salary, dismissal.
13) traffic accidents, falling into holes in the pavement, accidents at work
14) wills, winding up companies, bankruptcy, mortgages, charities cases etc
15) more serious criminal offences which will be tried by judge and jury
16) appeals from the magistrates court

Exercise 3

Put these stages in the correct order
1. Committee action
2. Bill is introduced
3. Vote
4. Conference committee if needed
5. Debate
6. Law is given a number
7. Floor action
8. Presidential action
9. Override veto if needed

Exercise 4

Find out if the following statements are TRUE or FALSE. Correct the false statements.
1. After the floor reading and debates the house votes on the amended bill.
2. The bill is referred to another house (from House of Representatives to the Senate or from the Senate to the House of Representatives)
3. The bill again goes through the Committee’s hearing, mark up and debates.
4. Then the engrossed bill can be transferred to the President.
5. But first both houses must agree upon all amendments and details of the bill.
6. The President considers the bill and signs it, and the bill becomes Law.
7. If the President vetoes the bill, it goes back to the Senate or the House of Representatives.

Exercise 5

Find proper translation for each of the followings names of offences or legal matters

to assign a number передать в комитет
to calendar присвоить (порядковый) номер
conference committee отложить
to mark up доложить
override a veto сделать пометки
to enroll назначить на определенный день
to table чтение в палате
floor reading переписать документ; придать документу надлежащую форму
to engross a bill комитет по согласованию расхождений; согласительный комитет
block зарегистрировать
to refer to a committee голосование всей палатой
to report out преодолеть вето
full vote заблокировать

Exercise 6

People who have certain problems will approach a lawyer specializing in a appropriate area of law. Find a proper lawyer for a:

1. a driver who has had a traffic accident;
2. a businessman who is starting selling goods in Internet;
3. a family that is ready to adopt a child;
4. a store manager who was attacked by some robbers;
Exercise 7
Read the text and do the task after it.

It starts with a written proposal for a new law. This is presented to Parliament and is called a bill. There are various kinds of bill: Private and Public bills.
Public bills effect all of us. Public bills come in two types: Government bills introduced by the Government or ministers; and Private Members’ Bills introduced by MPs.
These Private Members Bills not always become laws as they don’t have enough support from other MPs. Government Bills succeed in getting through Parliament as the government has a majority in the House of Commons.
When you want to make a bill you have a long way to go before the idea can be called a bill.
Usually the government will go through a consultation stage where they get the opinions of lots of different people on what the law should say. These are experts of the subject as well as ordinary people. They ask pubs and clubs but also ask police and ambulance services to see if it’s a good idea.
Some ideas will be studied by Select Committee or MPs what they call pre-legislation scrutiny.
Sometimes the Government will set up the ideas for a bill in a discussion document called Green Paper. Comments they gather may change the document. Then they might set pout their proposal in a new document called White Paper. That forms the basis for a Bill that gets introduced into Parliament. The Bill begins its journey through the Parliament. The journey can start either in the Commons or the Lords. The Bill must go through the stages in both Houses and must be approved by the Monarch.
Most stages are called reading because in the days before printing the only way to know the bill was to read it.
The First reading stage is to let the Mps know that a Bill is coming for discussion.
The really important stage is the Second reading. The Minister piloting the bill through Parliament will explain its purpose and answer any questions. There will then be the time for debate followed by a vote on whether the bill should pass to the next stage.
The Committee Stage in the Commons is formed for each bill. The Public Bill committee goes off into a huddle in one of the many committee rooms and goes through the bill in details. Then it comes back to the House so Mps can see what changes the committee has made. This is called the Report Stage.
The Third Reading gives the House of Commons the chance to look at the bill with all amendments included and decide whether it should go further.
A clerk will then take the Bill to the House of Lords, so they can study and debate it too. In the Lords the bill goes through the First and Second Readings just as in the Commons.
But the Committee stage is a bit different. The Lords take time to go through the bill in great detail, line by line. Lords work together with everyone taking part and suggesting improvements.
The Report Stage and the Third Reading a few days later give the Lords more opportunities to spot any problems with the meaning or the wording of the bill.
If the Lords have made their amendments, the bill must come back to the House of Commons, so that they can see and approve any changes the Lords have made. The Commons can return the bill and it can go to and fro for a while until they are both happy with it.
When everyone is satisfied the bill must go to the Queen to receive her approval or the Royal Assent. The Crown always approves the bill as the Queen’s role is to approve what Parliament has done as Parliament represents the people.
But sometimes a bill may be very controversial and arouse strong feelings. (Crikey!) For example a bill on fox hunting turned out to be one of the most bitterly contested piece of legislation.
In 2006 when Tony Blair was Prime Minister he suffered his first Commons defeat when MPs including members of his own party voted against a very specific government proposal: the Government wanted to increase the time of the terrorism suspect detainment without charge from 14 days to 90 days and MPs rejected it

1. Public Bills are introduced by a) members of the parliament;
b) workers; c) government
2. Idea for a bill goes through consultation stage which means that
a) they make consultations; b) collect opinions of different people;
c) seek advice of scholars or lawyers.
3. The first version of the Bill is called a) White Paper; b) Red Paper;
c) Green Paper
4. During the first reading the Mps a) debate the bill; b) return the bill; c) vote on the bill to forward it to the next stage.
5. Committees’ duties are a) to publish the Bill; b) to examine the details of the Bill; c) to sign the Bill.
6. The MPs can see the Committee’s changes during a) the Third stage; b) the Report stage; c) the Consideration stage.
7. During the third reading the House of Commons a) debate each amendment; b) consider the bill with all amendments; c) reject all amendments.
8. In the House of Lords the Bill a) goes through two stages; b) goes through one stage; c) goes through three stages.
9. The Committee stage is different because a) the Lords work together; b) the Lords working all together read the bill line by line; c) the Lords work together for a long time.
10. The Lords spot any problems with the meaning or the wording of the bill during a) the Committee stage; b) the Report stage c) the Report and Third stage.
11. After the Lords have made their amendments they a) send the Bill to the Queen; b) return the bill to the Commons; c) approve and publish the Bill.
12. The Crown always approves the bill because a) this is her role; b) the Parliament represents people; c) the Parliament knows better.

Exercise 8
Write the translation of the text.

The UK Parliament
The UK Parliament is one of the oldest parliaments in the world. It is the supreme legislative body and includes the Monarch, the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Moreover, the executive branch, namely the Government formed by the Prime Minister, sits in the parliament. It’s important to mention that the Parliament also used to perform some judicial functions – the House of Lords was the final and last court. Since October 2009 this function has been transferred to the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.
The texts in boxes below contain important information which you will collect doing the exercise.

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2012-12-17 19:58:47
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