Контрольная на тему вариант 2

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Номер заказа
255 826
Создан
20.02.2014
Автор работы
Виктория
Цена
300 p.
Выполнен
06.03.2014
Рейтинг автора
10
Примечание
Вариант 2
I. Переведите письменно существительные (1–10). Выберите опреде-
ления (a–j), соответствующие существительным:
1) economics a) investigation undertaken in order to discover new facts,
get additional information, etc.
2) self-interest b) debate, argument
3) prize c) science of the production, distribution and using up
of goods
4) research d) analyzing, e.g. a book, a situation, information, etc,
possibly with comment and judgment
5) resolution e) resolving, solution (of a doubt, question, etc)
6) price f) one’s own interests and personal advantage
7) dispute g) number of persons united for business or commerce
8) company h) the activity of controlling and organizing
9) analysis i) something (to be) awarded to one who succeeds in a
competition, etc.
10) affair j) sum of money for which something is (to be) sold or
bought
II. a) Выполните КОПР № 3, 5.
б) В следующих предложениях подчеркните глагол-сказуемое, опре-
делите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на
русский язык.
1) Thousands of new products are being presented at the Consumer
Electronics Show in Las Vegas.
2) More companies are using 3-D printing to directly manufacture some
products.
3) The Committee on Banking Supervision has been working on a set of
recommendations.
III. a) Выполните КОПР № 1.
б) В следующих предложениях подчеркните герундий и инфинитив.
Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1) Consumer spending is seventy percent of the economic activity in the
United States.
27
2) Commercial properties face two serious problems: falling prices and
refinancing.
3) After the recession jobs have continued to disappear, though at slower
rates.
IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие
предложения. Помните, что инфинитивные обороты часто соответствуют
придаточным предложениям.
1) Growth in the United States is expected to reach about two and a half
percent in two thousand ten.
2) Experts say the situation is likely to continue until investors feel more
sure about signs of economic recovery.
3) The Delegation is reported to have left London.
V. Прочитайте и устно переведите на русский язык весь текст.
Перепишите и письменно переведите абзацы 3, 4.
Nobel Recognizes Research into Economic Governance
1. Economists usually study markets. Now, two Americans have won the
Nobel Prize in economics for not studying markets. They will share almost
one and a half million dollars for their analysis of economic governance.
This is the study of how economic activity is governed within companies,
communities and other groups.
2. The winners are Elinor Ostrom of Indiana University in Bloomington
and Oliver Williamson of the University of California, Berkeley. The prize
in economic sciences has gone to sixty-three men since it was first awarded
forty years ago. Elinor Ostrom is the first woman. And, like other winners
over the years, her training is not limited to economics. She is a professor of
political science and of public and environmental affairs.
3. Today, economic theory suggests that good resource management requires
ownership, either private or public. If not, the thinking goes, then self-interest
will lead to overuse and destruction of shared resources. Ecologist Garrett
Hardin described this idea in nineteen sixty-eight as «the tragedy of the
commons». Elinor Ostrom showed how local decision making can lessen the
tragedy. Her research has deepened understanding of how people balance their
needs with those of others who depend on the same resources. She studied
communities like farmers in Southern California who depended on a common
28
water supply. She documented how people who use resources often develop
ways to share them. One example is forest management.
ELINOR OSTROM: «One of the absolutely key, most important variables
as to whether or not a forest survives and continues is whether local people
monitor each other and its use. Not officials, locals».
4. Oliver Williamson has studied big companies and found that they often
are better than markets at doing complex jobs. Under his theory, businesses
act as structures for conflict resolution. For example, companies that own
their suppliers can avoid long-term contracts and disputes over prices. This
can make production more efficient and make better use of limited resources.
But businesses can also abuse their power. Professor Williamson says the best
way to deal with this is not by limiting the size of companies, but through
industry regulation.
(From the VOA Special English Economics Report, written by Mario Ritter,
2009, October)
VI. Определите, являются ли приведенные ниже утверждения (1, 2, 3):
а) истинными (true)
б) ложными (false)
в) в тексте нет информации (no information).
1) Two Americans have won the Nobel Prize in economics for studying
markets.
2) Nobel chairman Thorbjoern Jangland praised China for its economic
success, but said civil rights must be put in place.
3) The prize in economic sciences was first awarded forty years ago.
VII. Прочитайте абзац 2 и ответьте письменно на следующий вопрос:
What does the economic governance study?
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